Rabbi Moshe Ben Maimon,

known as Rambam or Moses Maimonides, achieved preeminent status as a scholar and codifier of Jewish law, as a physician, as a stylist and author, and as a logician, theologian, metaphysician, and philosopher of science.

Born in Cordova, Spain to a rabbinic family in the twelfth century, he was driven from into exile by religious persecution. He eventually found a home in Egypt, where he became rabbinic leader of the Egyptian Jewish community and physician to the court of Saladin.

He is most famous for his uniquely comprehensive code of Jewish law, the Mishneh Torah,and The Guide of the Perplexed, an intriguing, sophisticated exploration of how  critical thinking and religious experience can best be integrated.